Definition: Gum disease is a condition marked by the inflammation of your gum line. This condition can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. The three stages of gum disease — from least to most severe — are gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.
The 3 stages of Gum Disease
- Advanced Periodontitis
Signs - Symptoms
- Swollen, red, tender gums
- Bleeding gums
- Receding gums, gum tissues separates from the tooth leaving a gap
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth
- Loose teeth
Typical Treatment (Consult a doctor for medical advice)
- Proper Oral Hygiene - Keep your mouth clean - regular brushing your teeth, flossing, and using mouthwash.
- Penicillin - Antibiotics
- Topical antiseptic - Destroys or prevents the growth of microorganisms on the skin that may cause infection.
- Removal of unhealthy gum tissue - Surgical removal. Gingivectomy - Surgical removal of diseased gum tissue.
Gingivoplasty - Surgery to reshape healthy gum tissue around the teeth.